Philadelphia, a city in Pennsylvania whose name means city of brotherly love, was originally populated by Native American tribes, particularly the Lenape hunter gatherers, around 8000 BC. C. Philadelphia was founded in 1682 by William Penn, an English Quaker. The city served as the capital of the colony of Pennsylvania during British colonial times.
Philadelphia came to play a historic and vital role in the 18th century as the central meeting place for the nation's founding fathers, whose plans and actions in Philadelphia ultimately inspired and resulted in the American Revolution. Philadelphia hosted the First Continental Congress in 1774 after the Boston Tea Party, preserved the Liberty Bell and hosted the Second Continental Congress, during which the founders signed the Declaration of Independence, which historian Joseph Ellis has described as the most powerful and transcendent. words in the history of the United States. Once the Revolutionary War began, both the Battle of Germantown and the siege of Fort Mifflin were fought within the city limits of Philadelphia.
The city is the seat of its own county. Adjacent counties are Montgomery to the northwest; Bucks to the north and northeast; Burlington County, New Jersey, to the east; Camden County, New Jersey, to the southeast; Gloucester County, New Jersey, to the south; and Delaware County, to the southwest. Carpenters' Hall Exhibiting Georgian Architecture, 1770—1774 Second Bank of the United States Displays Greek Renaissance Architecture, 1818—1824 Second Empire Style Philadelphia City Hall, 1871-1901, of South Broad Street The Art Deco Grand Esplanade at 30th Street Station, 1927—1933 The Catholic community is served mainly by the Latin Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia, the Ukrainian Catholic Archeparchy of Philadelphia and the Syro-Malankara Catholic Eparchy of the United States of America and Canada, although there are some independent Catholic churches in Philadelphia and its suburbs. The jurisdiction based in the Latin Church is based in the city, and its headquarters is the Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul.
The Ukrainian Catholic jurisdiction is also based in Philadelphia and is based in the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception. Less than 1% of Christians in Philadelphia were Mormons. The rest of the Christian population extends between the smaller Protestant denominations and between the Eastern and Eastern Orthodox, among others. Eastern Pennsylvania Diocese (Orthodox Church in America) and Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America (Ecumenical Patriarchate) divide Eastern Orthodox in Philadelphia.
Andrew's Cathedral is in town. The Susquehanna-Delaware Basin divides the frequently contested “hunting grounds” between rival Susquehannock peoples and Lenape peoples, while the Catskills and Berkshires played a similar frontier role in the northern regions of their original colonial-era range. Our editors will review what you submitted and determine if they should review the article. Philadelphia has been described as both the elegant but jaded lady and the sickly old spinster of American cities.
However, a more realistic look at Philadelphia shows that it is a very modern and vigorous city, emerging in an elegant counterpoint to the profound serenity of an older city that has provided gentle but firm intellectual, economic and humanitarian direction to the nation in whose birth she played the midwife. Philadelphia, the largest city in Pennsylvania, shows many characteristics of a small city. Its many trees, parks and other open spaces, and its peaceful pace of life reflect in various ways the elegant Quaker heritage that its founder, William Penn, bestowed on the city. Almost everywhere there are worthy reminders of the colonial and revolutionary city and of Benjamin Franklin, a Philadelphian by adoption, who left his mark on countless current institutions, both cultural and commercial, in the city.
Beneath this façade, however, Philadelphia represents an urban group of national and international stature. Its place in history was ensured by its role as the site of the signing of the Declaration of Independence, the constitutional convention of 1787 and the second. The Port of Philadelphia and Camden, one of the largest freshwater ports in the world, is the main element in the official agglomeration of Delaware River ports, which together is one of the busiest transportation hubs in the world. The enormous industrial output of the city and the surrounding metropolitan area represents a continuation of Philadelphia's early leadership in the Industrial Revolution and in American trade and finance in general.
Nestled in the midst of the vast urban community that stretches along the East Coast, Philadelphia is an integral part of the vibrant fabric of contemporary social and economic life, as well as an oasis of tranquility that unites the spirit of the United States, past and present. Benjamin Franklin Parkway offers a splendid view, as it cuts diagonally northwest from Penn Square across the grid, around Logan Square and leads to Fairmount Park. Fairmount, the nation's largest landscape park within city limits and the center of the 1876 Centennial Exposition, is one of the most frequent close-ups for taking photographs of the Philadelphia skyline, adding to the city's reputation for sculpted and shaded elegance. The park, once a section of the outlying estates of the rich, contains many old mansions maintained by the city as museums.
Through it winds the narrow valley of Wissahickon Creek, whose rugged beauty has inspired generations of poets and painters. For most of the 20th century, the main features of the skyline were the massive contours of the city's numerous banking and financial institutions. In 1987, a change was signaled with the completion of the first of several new skyscrapers that redefined Philadelphia's skyline and were part of the construction boom that took place during the 1990s and early 2000s. The long stretches of Philadelphia north, south and west of the intersection of Broad and Chestnut Streets, a kind of urban center just below Penn Square, contain numerous distinctive sections, often identified for generations with various ethnic groups that have filled the city during its long history.
Among the most interesting is the Germantown section of North Philadelphia, established at Penn's time by the Germans and home in the 18th century to wealthy Philadelphians fleeing periodic yellow fever epidemics in the riverside city. North Philadelphia has a large African-American and Puerto Rican community. South Philadelphia contains sections, in particular Italian and Irish, settled by European immigrants, mainly in the 19th century, as well as a large African-American section. Penn's selection of a site was very careful.
Philadelphia is located at the confluence of the Schuylkill and Delaware rivers. He hoped that Delaware would provide the necessary outlet to the Atlantic and that the Schuylkill would be the necessary artery to the interior of Pennsylvania. This choice proved to be controversial. Maryland homeowners claimed that the new city of Penn was within the boundaries of Maryland.
Penn returned to England to defend his city many times. Finally, the question would be decided on the eve of the revolution by drawing the famous Mason-Dixon line. The latter area contains some of the best old houses, taverns, and churches in the city, though some high-rise apartment buildings play a dissonant note in the hearts of many Philadelphians. The importance and central location of Philadelphia in the colonies made it a natural center for revolutionaries in the United States.
Large-scale construction projects for new roads, canals and railroads made Philadelphia the first major industrial city in the United States. After the defeat of George Washington at the Battle of Brandywine on September 11, 1777, the revolutionary capital of Philadelphia was left defenseless and the city prepared for what was considered an inevitable attack by the British army. Voter turnout increased from 600,000 in 1932 to nearly 900,000 in 1936 and Roosevelt beat Philadelphia with more than 60% of the vote. The Philadelphia Civil War health fairs represented the spirit of patriotic volunteerism that invaded the city during the Civil War.
Throughout the 19th century, Philadelphia was home to a variety of industries and businesses, the largest being textiles. As Philadelphia prospered, thanks in large part to Penn's legacy of openness, immigrants arrived. Philadelphia was at the center of the early prison reform movement, first introducing individual cells into Walnut Street prison and later solitary confinement. In the early 19th century, in Philadelphia, private groups established orphanages to care for children whose parents could not support them due to poverty or death.
William Penn planned Philadelphia with numbered streets running north and south, and streets named after trees, such as Chestnut, Walnut, and Mulberry, running east and west. The Divine Lorraine Hotel in North Philadelphia hosted many of the Mission's social welfare activities. . .